loader image

ASD or VSD Closure Catheterisation

ASD VSD Closure Catheterisation

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) and Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) closure through catheterization, commonly referred to as catheter-based intervention, is a minimally invasive procedure used to repair certain congenital heart defects. ASD and VSD are conditions where there are openings in the septum, the wall that separates the heart’s chambers, allowing abnormal blood flow between them. This procedure is an alternative to traditional open-heart surgery and offers several benefits:

ASD Closure

  • In ASD closure, a catheter is guided through a blood vessel, usually in the groin, to reach the heart.
  • A device, typically an atrial septal occluder, is delivered through the catheter to the site of the defect.
  • The device is then released, effectively sealing the hole in the atrial septum and preventing abnormal blood flow between the heart’s two upper chambers.
  • This minimally invasive approach reduces the need for open-heart surgery and its associated risks, resulting in shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery times.

VSD Closure

  • In VSD closure, a similar catheter-based approach is used to reach the heart through a blood vessel.
  • A device, known as a ventricular septal occluder, is positioned over the ventricular septal defect.
  • The device is released, sealing the hole in the ventricular septum and preventing the abnormal shunting of blood between the heart’s two lower chambers.
  • Just like with ASD closure, this method is less invasive than traditional surgical procedures, leading to shorter recovery times and reduced postoperative discomfort.

Both ASD and VSD closure through catheterization have proven effective in treating these congenital heart defects. They reduce the need for large surgical incisions and heart-lung bypass, which are associated with higher risks and longer recovery periods. This minimally invasive technique allows patients to return to their normal activities more quickly, making it a preferred option for many individuals with ASD or VSD. However, the suitability of this approach depends on the size and location of the defect, and the decision is made after thorough evaluation by a cardiac specialist.

What Is Cardiology?

Cardiology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions related to the heart and cardiovascular system. Cardiologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field.

What Are The Common Heart Conditions Treated by Cardiologists?

Cardiologists diagnose and treat a wide range of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms), valvular heart disease, congenital heart defects, and cardiomyopathies. They also manage risk factors such as hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol, and diabetes that can contribute to heart disease.

What Is Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Open heart valve replacement surgery is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve with a prosthetic valve. It involves making an incision in the chest, opening the chest cavity, and temporarily stopping the heart to access and replace the malfunctioning valve.

Can I Lead a Normal Life After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

In many cases, patients can lead a normal life after recovering from open heart valve replacement surgery. However, it’s important to follow the recommended lifestyle modifications, take prescribed medications, attend follow-up appointments, and adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and avoiding tobacco use are important for maintaining heart health and maximizing the benefits of the surgery.

Will I Need Regular Follow-Up After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Yes, regular follow-up visits with your cardiologist or cardiac surgeon are important after open heart valve replacement surgery. These visits allow the healthcare team to monitor your progress, assess the functioning of the replacement valve, make any necessary adjustments to medications, and address any concerns or issues you may have. Follow-up appointments are crucial for long-term care and monitoring of your heart health.

What Is Coronary Angiography?

Coronary Angiography, also known as cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram, is a diagnostic procedure that allows doctors to visualize the blood vessels of the heart. It involves the injection of a contrast dye into the coronary arteries and taking X-ray images to evaluate the presence of blockages or narrowing in the arteries.

How Long Does Coronary Angiography Take?

The duration of Coronary Angiography can vary, but the procedure usually takes about 30 minutes to 1 hour. However, it may take longer if additional interventions, such as angioplasty or stent placement, are performed during the same procedure.

Will I Be Awake During Coronary Angiography?

During Coronary Angiography, you will usually be given mild sedation to help you relax. While you may be awake and aware during the procedure, you may not remember all the details due to the sedative effects. The medical team will closely monitor your comfort and safety throughout the procedure.

What Should I Expect After Coronary Angiography?

After the procedure, you will be moved to a recovery area where your vital signs will be monitored. You may need to lie flat for a few hours to prevent bleeding from the catheter insertion site. Your medical team will provide specific instructions regarding activities, medications, and follow-up appointments. Most patients can resume normal activities within a day or two after the procedure.

Get A Free Quote!

Get a free quote


- You send us your inquiries and request.


- Tefac team reviews your request and contacts you.


- TEFAC experts offer online consultation with doctor and prepare treatment proposal for you.


- Soon after you approve the treatment plan, Tefac organizes your trip.


- Tefac accompanies and stays in touch during your entire treatment process.


- To ensure you get the best results, Tefac team assists you before, during and after the treatment procedures.

Request a quote

Get a free quote