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In recent years, significant advances in cardiology and cardiovascular surgery have opened up new treatment options for these disorders, including both surgical and non-surgical approaches. The popularity of non-surgical and minimally invasive surgical procedures is on the rise, offering patients several benefits. One notable advancement is Cardiac Surgery with sub-axillary incision, which provides post-operative advantages such as reduced morbidity and mortality compared to major open surgeries. As a result, patients experience improved satisfaction and quality of life after the surgery.

In the field of non-surgical procedures, diagnostic angiography plays a crucial role in identifying and assessing cardiovascular issues. Additionally, angioplasties, which involve the placement of stents to treat occluded coronary vessels, are commonly performed by qualified cardiologists who are experts in their field. Moreover, the removal of plaque at the site of artery narrowing, known as atherectomy, is another frequently conducted non-surgical procedure.

In advanced cardiovascular centers across Turkey, bypass surgery in a functioning heart and robotic cardiac surgery have become successfully established procedures. These centers have attained international accreditation, signifying their high level of expertise and patient care.

Coronary Angiography

The coronary arteries supply heart muscles with blood. They can become blocked by a plaque (buildup of cells), fat or other substances, reducing the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart. A coronary angiography is used to detect blockages in the coronary arteries by using a special contrast dye or an x-ray.

Balloon Angioplasty and Stent Placement

Balloon angioplasty is a nonsurgical invasive treatment modality and is used as adjunctive technique to be combined with other techniques.

Coronary Artery Bypass (Conventional)

Coronary Artery bypass surgery is performed to restore blood flow by surgically treating a heart with an obstructed coronary artery. It uses blood vessels taken from another part of the patient’s body to bypass blocked or narrowed coronary arteries, improving blood and oxygen flow to the patient’s heart muscle by creating new pathways.

Coronary Artery Bypass (On Beating Heart)

With a considerable reduced risk and side effects, the technique of Off- Pump by pass is a unique treatment applied successfully as an alternative to conventional by-pass surgery.

Open Heart (Aortic – Mitral) Valve Replacement Surgery

The heart is a pump distributing the blood to the whole body. It has a self-exciting muscle which regulates itself and it is capable of simultaneous rhythmic pulsations. It has a regulating center and four chambers separated by valves and a septum. The valves control blood flow direction during contractions and septum isolates the right and left circulation. These negative and positive pressures are responsible for creating contractions that pump blood throughout the body.

Minimally Invasive (Aortic – Mitral) Valve Replacement Surgery

With less pain, lower risk of infection, and shorter hospitalization time for the recovery this unique technique offers same efficacy, quality and safety of a conventional approach while at the same time.

Minimally Invasive ASD or VSD Closure Surgery

The left and right sides of the heart have different pumping functions. The right side of the heart collects deoxygenated blood from the body and pumps it to the lungs while the left side collects oxygenated blood from lungs and pumps it to the body. In order to carry this oxygen-rich blood properly, the halves of the heart should be divided from one another. This is achieved by a musculomembranous (consisting of muscle and biological membrane tissue) wall called a cardiac septum.

Thanks to recent advances and skillful surgeons in their field it is now possible to apply ASD/VSD surgery with less risk and shorter recovery time. Tefac Clinic’s professional team can guide you through the entire process.

ASD or VSD Closure Through Catheterization

It is also possible to perform ASD/VSD closure through catheterization. The patient may experience the most comfortable post operative process with the minimally invasive technique applied by our experts.

What Is Cardiology?

Cardiology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions related to the heart and cardiovascular system. Cardiologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field.

What Are The Common Heart Conditions Treated by Cardiologists?

Cardiologists diagnose and treat a wide range of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms), valvular heart disease, congenital heart defects, and cardiomyopathies. They also manage risk factors such as hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol, and diabetes that can contribute to heart disease.

What Is Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Open heart valve replacement surgery is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve with a prosthetic valve. It involves making an incision in the chest, opening the chest cavity, and temporarily stopping the heart to access and replace the malfunctioning valve.

Can I Lead a Normal Life After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

In many cases, patients can lead a normal life after recovering from open heart valve replacement surgery. However, it’s important to follow the recommended lifestyle modifications, take prescribed medications, attend follow-up appointments, and adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and avoiding tobacco use are important for maintaining heart health and maximizing the benefits of the surgery.

Will I Need Regular Follow-Up After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Yes, regular follow-up visits with your cardiologist or cardiac surgeon are important after open heart valve replacement surgery. These visits allow the healthcare team to monitor your progress, assess the functioning of the replacement valve, make any necessary adjustments to medications, and address any concerns or issues you may have. Follow-up appointments are crucial for long-term care and monitoring of your heart health.

What Is Coronary Angiography?

Coronary Angiography, also known as cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram, is a diagnostic procedure that allows doctors to visualize the blood vessels of the heart. It involves the injection of a contrast dye into the coronary arteries and taking X-ray images to evaluate the presence of blockages or narrowing in the arteries.

How Long Does Coronary Angiography Take?

The duration of Coronary Angiography can vary, but the procedure usually takes about 30 minutes to 1 hour. However, it may take longer if additional interventions, such as angioplasty or stent placement, are performed during the same procedure.

Will I Be Awake During Coronary Angiography?

During Coronary Angiography, you will usually be given mild sedation to help you relax. While you may be awake and aware during the procedure, you may not remember all the details due to the sedative effects. The medical team will closely monitor your comfort and safety throughout the procedure.

What Should I Expect After Coronary Angiography?

After the procedure, you will be moved to a recovery area where your vital signs will be monitored. You may need to lie flat for a few hours to prevent bleeding from the catheter insertion site. Your medical team will provide specific instructions regarding activities, medications, and follow-up appointments. Most patients can resume normal activities within a day or two after the procedure.

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