Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant tumors. Oncological diseases relate to the uncontrolled proliferation of mutated cells within the body. As opposed to a benign tumor, a malignant tumor (otherwise known as a cancerous tumor) has a high level of mutagenicity and generates metastases that penetrate into vital organs, changing their structure and functions. Additionally, during tumor development, there is a corresponding increase in blood toxin levels.
Which Organs are Vulnerable to Oncological Diseases, and What Causes Cancer?
Oncological diseases are systemic, and can therefore affect all the organs and systems of the body. Risk factors include genetic inheritance, gender, and age. This means that the skin, lungs, and digestive system is most at risk in young men, while older men’s prostates are more at risk. By contrast, young women are more likely to develop cervical, skin, digestive system, or lung tumors, while older women are most at risk from mammary gland diseases. Leukemia and lymphoma usually are detected in children.
It is worth mentioning that lung diseases have the highest lethality rate among all the oncological diseases regardless of gender and age.
The Most Frequent Malignant Tumors in Men are:
- Trachea, Bronchi, Lung Tumors (usually at a young and middle age)
- Prostate Gland (the most common location in men of middle and old age)
- Large Intestine
The Most Common Locations for Oncological Disease to Occur in Women are:
- Skin Tumors
- Breast Cancer
- Uterine Body
- Large Intestine
- Uterine Cervix
- Rectum, Rectosigmoid Junction, Anus
- Lymphoid and Hematopoietic tissue
- Trachea, Bronchi, Lung
Types of Cancer Treatment
Patients often perceive an oncological diagnosis as an incurable disease, but this is not true. Thanks to modern advances in early diagnosis and the latest treatment modalities, most tumors, including malignant ones, are successfully treated. Successful treatment depends on the timely detection of the disease.
Treatment methods depend on the type, stage, and course of the disease, location, tumor volume, metastases, patient’s condition, and many other factors.
The Advantages of Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Turkish clinics operate at world standards, using the best practices in Europe and the USA and their own innovations. Türkiye is among the most sought-after countries for oncological treatments. The advantages of being treated in Turkey are:
- Early and Non-Invasive Cancer Diagnosis: Turkey offers cutting-edge medical technology and innovative research, enabling the possibility of early and non-invasive cancer diagnosis.
- Ultra-Modern Equipment: Benefit from state-of-the-art medical equipment and facilities in Turkey, ensuring accurate and advanced diagnostic capabilities.
- Leading Scientific Research and Medical Infrastructure: Turkey boasts a well-developed scientific research infrastructure, contributing to significant advancements in cancer diagnosis and treatment.
- Latest Innovations in Laboratory Research: Experience the utilization of the latest laboratory research techniques and breakthroughs, enhancing precision and efficiency in cancer detection.
- Highly Qualified Doctors with International Training: Trust in the expertise of Turkish physicians who have undergone extensive training in European countries and the USA, ensuring world-class medical care.
- Perfect Balance between Quality and Price: Receive top-notch medical services at competitive prices, providing excellent value for patients seeking cancer diagnosis.
- 50 JCI Accredited Health Institutions: Choose from a wide range of accredited health institutions, guaranteeing adherence to global standards of quality and safety.
- High Level of Care and Courtesy: Turkish health personnel are known for their compassionate care and courtesy, providing a supportive environment for all patients throughout their cancer diagnosis journey.