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Minimally Invasive (Aortic-Mitral) Valve Replacement Surgery

Minimally Invasive (Aortic-Mitral) Valve Replacement Surgery

Minimally Invasive Aortic and Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery is an advanced cardiac procedure designed to address issues with the aortic and mitral heart valves while minimizing surgical trauma. This approach offers several benefits, including smaller incisions, reduced pain, faster recovery, and shorter hospital stays. Here’s an overview of this innovative surgical technique:

The Surgical Approach

  • Minimally invasive valve replacement is performed in an operating room, and patients are placed under general anesthesia.
  • Rather than a large, traditional chest incision, the surgeon makes smaller incisions, often in the right or left chest wall.
  • These smaller incisions allow access to the heart without the need to spread the breastbone (sternum) as in conventional open-heart surgery.
  • Specialized instruments and a tiny camera, called a thoracoscope, are inserted through these small incisions to guide the surgeon during the procedure.
  • The surgeon then proceeds to replace the aortic or mitral valve with a new prosthetic valve, which can be made of mechanical or biological materials, depending on the patient’s needs.


  • Minimally invasive valve replacement offers numerous advantages over traditional open-heart surgery, including less pain, reduced scarring, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery times.
  • Patients often experience a faster return to normal activities and a higher quality of life post-surgery.

Recovery and Follow-Up

  • Recovery from minimally invasive valve replacement surgery is generally faster compared to conventional open-heart surgery.
  • Patients are typically discharged from the hospital within a few days after the procedure, with a shorter overall recovery period.
  • Regular follow-up appointments with a cardiologist are essential to monitor the performance of the new valve and ensure the patient’s overall heart health.

Minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve replacement surgery represents a significant advancement in cardiac surgery, offering patients an effective treatment option with less surgical trauma and a quicker return to their daily lives. The choice between minimally invasive and traditional open-heart surgery is made following a careful evaluation by a healthcare team, taking into account the specific condition of the patient and the expertise of the surgical team.

What Is Cardiology?

Cardiology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions related to the heart and cardiovascular system. Cardiologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field.

What Are The Common Heart Conditions Treated by Cardiologists?

Cardiologists diagnose and treat a wide range of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms), valvular heart disease, congenital heart defects, and cardiomyopathies. They also manage risk factors such as hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol, and diabetes that can contribute to heart disease.

What Is Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Open heart valve replacement surgery is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve with a prosthetic valve. It involves making an incision in the chest, opening the chest cavity, and temporarily stopping the heart to access and replace the malfunctioning valve.

Can I Lead a Normal Life After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

In many cases, patients can lead a normal life after recovering from open heart valve replacement surgery. However, it’s important to follow the recommended lifestyle modifications, take prescribed medications, attend follow-up appointments, and adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and avoiding tobacco use are important for maintaining heart health and maximizing the benefits of the surgery.

Will I Need Regular Follow-Up After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Yes, regular follow-up visits with your cardiologist or cardiac surgeon are important after open heart valve replacement surgery. These visits allow the healthcare team to monitor your progress, assess the functioning of the replacement valve, make any necessary adjustments to medications, and address any concerns or issues you may have. Follow-up appointments are crucial for long-term care and monitoring of your heart health.

What Is Coronary Angiography?

Coronary Angiography, also known as cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram, is a diagnostic procedure that allows doctors to visualize the blood vessels of the heart. It involves the injection of a contrast dye into the coronary arteries and taking X-ray images to evaluate the presence of blockages or narrowing in the arteries.

How Long Does Coronary Angiography Take?

The duration of Coronary Angiography can vary, but the procedure usually takes about 30 minutes to 1 hour. However, it may take longer if additional interventions, such as angioplasty or stent placement, are performed during the same procedure.

Will I Be Awake During Coronary Angiography?

During Coronary Angiography, you will usually be given mild sedation to help you relax. While you may be awake and aware during the procedure, you may not remember all the details due to the sedative effects. The medical team will closely monitor your comfort and safety throughout the procedure.

What Should I Expect After Coronary Angiography?

After the procedure, you will be moved to a recovery area where your vital signs will be monitored. You may need to lie flat for a few hours to prevent bleeding from the catheter insertion site. Your medical team will provide specific instructions regarding activities, medications, and follow-up appointments. Most patients can resume normal activities within a day or two after the procedure.

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