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Minimally Invasive ASD or VSD Closure Surgery

Minimally Invasive ASD VSD Closure Surgery

Minimally Invasive ASD (Atrial Septal Defect) or VSD (Ventricular Septal Defect) Closure Surgery is a state-of-the-art cardiac procedure used to repair these congenital heart defects with minimal surgical impact. ASDs and VSDs are characterized by openings in the septum (the heart’s wall), which can lead to abnormal blood flow between the heart chambers. Here’s an overview of this advanced surgical approach:

Surgical Technique

  • Minimally invasive ASD or VSD closure surgery is performed in a specialized operating room, with the patient under general anesthesia.
  • Instead of a large chest incision, the surgeon makes small incisions, often on the right or left side of the chest, which allows access to the heart.
  • Specialized instruments and a tiny camera, called an endoscope, are inserted through these small incisions to guide the surgeon during the procedure.
  • The surgeon then repairs the defect by suturing it closed or by using specialized devices or patches to seal the hole.
  • This approach avoids the need to spread the breastbone (sternum) and is associated with less surgical trauma.


  • Minimally invasive ASD or VSD closure offers numerous advantages over traditional open-heart surgery, including smaller scars, less pain, faster recovery, and shorter hospital stays.
  • Patients often experience a quicker return to their normal activities and a higher quality of life following the procedure.

Recovery and Follow-Up

  • Recovery from minimally invasive ASD or VSD closure surgery is generally faster compared to conventional open-heart surgery.
  • Patients are typically discharged from the hospital within a few days after the procedure, with a shorter overall recovery period.
  • Regular follow-up appointments with a cardiologist are essential to monitor the closure’s effectiveness and ensure the patient’s overall heart health.

Minimally invasive ASD or VSD closure surgery is a significant advancement in the field of pediatric cardiac surgery, offering a highly effective treatment option with reduced surgical impact. The choice of surgical approach is determined by the patient’s specific condition, the size and location of the defect, and the expertise of the surgical team. This minimally invasive technique minimizes trauma and maximizes the potential for a quick return to a healthy, active life.

What Is Cardiology?

Cardiology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions related to the heart and cardiovascular system. Cardiologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field.

What Are The Common Heart Conditions Treated by Cardiologists?

Cardiologists diagnose and treat a wide range of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms), valvular heart disease, congenital heart defects, and cardiomyopathies. They also manage risk factors such as hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol, and diabetes that can contribute to heart disease.

What Is Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Open heart valve replacement surgery is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve with a prosthetic valve. It involves making an incision in the chest, opening the chest cavity, and temporarily stopping the heart to access and replace the malfunctioning valve.

Can I Lead a Normal Life After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

In many cases, patients can lead a normal life after recovering from open heart valve replacement surgery. However, it’s important to follow the recommended lifestyle modifications, take prescribed medications, attend follow-up appointments, and adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and avoiding tobacco use are important for maintaining heart health and maximizing the benefits of the surgery.

Will I Need Regular Follow-Up After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Yes, regular follow-up visits with your cardiologist or cardiac surgeon are important after open heart valve replacement surgery. These visits allow the healthcare team to monitor your progress, assess the functioning of the replacement valve, make any necessary adjustments to medications, and address any concerns or issues you may have. Follow-up appointments are crucial for long-term care and monitoring of your heart health.

What Is Coronary Angiography?

Coronary Angiography, also known as cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram, is a diagnostic procedure that allows doctors to visualize the blood vessels of the heart. It involves the injection of a contrast dye into the coronary arteries and taking X-ray images to evaluate the presence of blockages or narrowing in the arteries.

How Long Does Coronary Angiography Take?

The duration of Coronary Angiography can vary, but the procedure usually takes about 30 minutes to 1 hour. However, it may take longer if additional interventions, such as angioplasty or stent placement, are performed during the same procedure.

Will I Be Awake During Coronary Angiography?

During Coronary Angiography, you will usually be given mild sedation to help you relax. While you may be awake and aware during the procedure, you may not remember all the details due to the sedative effects. The medical team will closely monitor your comfort and safety throughout the procedure.

What Should I Expect After Coronary Angiography?

After the procedure, you will be moved to a recovery area where your vital signs will be monitored. You may need to lie flat for a few hours to prevent bleeding from the catheter insertion site. Your medical team will provide specific instructions regarding activities, medications, and follow-up appointments. Most patients can resume normal activities within a day or two after the procedure.

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