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Open Heart( Aortic-Mirtal) Valve Replacement Surgery

Open Heart( Aortic-Mitral) Valve Replacement Surgery

Open heart valve replacement surgery is a complex surgical procedure aimed at replacing a damaged or malfunctioning heart valve, with a focus on the aortic and mitral valves. Heart valve problems can cause issues with blood flow and can result in symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain. Here’s an overview of this surgical procedure:


  • Open heart valve replacement surgery is typically considered when a heart valve becomes diseased or damaged, affecting its function and leading to severe symptoms or complications.
  • The two most common heart valves requiring replacement are the aortic and mitral valves.

The Surgical Procedure

  • The surgery is performed under general anesthesia, which means the patient is completely asleep and pain-free during the operation.
  • To access the heart, the surgeon makes a large incision in the chest, often referred to as a sternotomy. This provides direct access to the heart.
  • The patient is connected to a heart-lung machine, which takes over the function of the heart and lungs during the procedure. This allows the surgeon to stop the heart temporarily to replace the valve.
  • The damaged heart valve is carefully removed, and the new artificial valve, typically made of mechanical or biological materials, is sutured in place.
  • Once the new valve is securely in position, the heart is restarted, and the heart-lung machine is disconnected.
  • The chest is then closed with sutures, and the patient is moved to the recovery area.

Recovery and Follow-Up

  • After surgery, the patient will be closely monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a period of time before transitioning to a regular hospital room.
  • Recovery typically involves several days in the hospital, followed by a period of rehabilitation and cardiac rehabilitation to regain strength and ensure a smooth recovery.
  • Lifelong follow-up with a cardiologist is essential to monitor the function of the artificial valve and overall heart health.

Open heart valve replacement surgery is a highly effective procedure that can significantly improve a patient’s quality of life and long-term health. The choice of the type of valve (mechanical or biological) is determined based on individual factors, such as age, lifestyle, and the need for long-term anticoagulation with mechanical valves. This procedure, while highly successful, is associated with some risks and a recovery period, so careful evaluation and discussion with a healthcare team are crucial to determine the best treatment plan for each patient.

What Is Cardiology?

Cardiology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions related to the heart and cardiovascular system. Cardiologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field.

What Are The Common Heart Conditions Treated by Cardiologists?

Cardiologists diagnose and treat a wide range of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms), valvular heart disease, congenital heart defects, and cardiomyopathies. They also manage risk factors such as hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol, and diabetes that can contribute to heart disease.

What Is Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Open heart valve replacement surgery is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve with a prosthetic valve. It involves making an incision in the chest, opening the chest cavity, and temporarily stopping the heart to access and replace the malfunctioning valve.

Can I Lead a Normal Life After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

In many cases, patients can lead a normal life after recovering from open heart valve replacement surgery. However, it’s important to follow the recommended lifestyle modifications, take prescribed medications, attend follow-up appointments, and adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and avoiding tobacco use are important for maintaining heart health and maximizing the benefits of the surgery.

Will I Need Regular Follow-Up After Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Yes, regular follow-up visits with your cardiologist or cardiac surgeon are important after open heart valve replacement surgery. These visits allow the healthcare team to monitor your progress, assess the functioning of the replacement valve, make any necessary adjustments to medications, and address any concerns or issues you may have. Follow-up appointments are crucial for long-term care and monitoring of your heart health.

What Is Coronary Angiography?

Coronary Angiography, also known as cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram, is a diagnostic procedure that allows doctors to visualize the blood vessels of the heart. It involves the injection of a contrast dye into the coronary arteries and taking X-ray images to evaluate the presence of blockages or narrowing in the arteries.

How Long Does Coronary Angiography Take?

The duration of Coronary Angiography can vary, but the procedure usually takes about 30 minutes to 1 hour. However, it may take longer if additional interventions, such as angioplasty or stent placement, are performed during the same procedure.

Will I Be Awake During Coronary Angiography?

During Coronary Angiography, you will usually be given mild sedation to help you relax. While you may be awake and aware during the procedure, you may not remember all the details due to the sedative effects. The medical team will closely monitor your comfort and safety throughout the procedure.

What Should I Expect After Coronary Angiography?

After the procedure, you will be moved to a recovery area where your vital signs will be monitored. You may need to lie flat for a few hours to prevent bleeding from the catheter insertion site. Your medical team will provide specific instructions regarding activities, medications, and follow-up appointments. Most patients can resume normal activities within a day or two after the procedure.

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