Cancer treatment encompasses a variety of approaches, and the choice of treatment type depends on the type and stage of cancer, as well as individual patient factors.
Types Of Cancer Treatments
- Surgery: Surgical procedures involve the physical removal of cancerous tumors and tissues. Surgery is often the primary treatment for localized cancers. It can be curative or used to remove as much of the cancer as possible before other treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy.
- Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays (X-rays or other forms of radiation) to target and destroy cancer cells. It can be used as a primary treatment or in conjunction with other therapies to shrink tumors, alleviate symptoms, or reduce the risk of recurrence.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of powerful drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells. These drugs can be administered orally (as pills or capsules) or intravenously (through a vein). Chemotherapy is often used for cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.
- Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a groundbreaking approach that activates the body’s immune system to identify and attack cancer cells. It has shown remarkable success in various cancers and is continually evolving.
- Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapies are drugs that specifically target the molecular changes in cancer cells responsible for their growth. These drugs block these changes and limit the growth of cancer while minimizing harm to normal cells.
- Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is used to treat hormone-sensitive cancers, such as breast and prostate cancer. It works by blocking the hormones that fuel the growth of these cancers.
- Stem Cell Transplant: Stem cell transplantation is a procedure that replaces damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy stem cells. It is commonly used to treat blood cancers like leukemia and lymphoma.
- Radiosurgery: Radiosurgery is a non-invasive form of radiation therapy that precisely targets tumors or abnormal tissue in the body. It is often used for brain tumors and other localized conditions.
- Photodynamic Therapy: Photodynamic therapy uses a photosensitizing agent and laser light to destroy cancer cells. It is primarily used for treating surface cancers and certain pre-cancerous conditions.
The choice of treatment type is determined through a comprehensive evaluation by our oncology team, considering factors such as the type and stage of cancer, the patient’s overall health, and the potential benefits and risks of each treatment. Cancer treatment is often multimodal, involving a combination of therapies to achieve the best possible outcome. Treatment plans are individualized to provide the most effective and least invasive options for each patient.