loader image


What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is a refractive error that makes it hard for middle-aged and older adults to see things up close. It occurs when the eye’s crystalline lens, which is responsible for focusing on close-up objects, becomes less flexible and loses its ability to adjust to different focal distances. As a result, individuals with presbyopia find it increasingly challenging to see objects up close, such as reading a book or working on a computer, without the aid of corrective lenses.

What is The Key Aspects of Presbyopia?

  1. Age-Related: Presbyopia is a normal part of the aging process. It typically becomes noticeable in the early to mid-40s and continues to progress over time.
  2. Near Vision Difficulty: The primary symptom of presbyopia is a gradual loss of near vision. Individuals with presbyopia may struggle with tasks that require close-up focus, like reading, sewing, or using a smartphone.
  3. Loss of Accommodation: Presbyopia occurs due to the gradual loss of the eye’s ability to accommodate, or adjust, its focus. This is not related to eye health or eye diseases but is purely an age-related change.
  4. Eyestrain and Headaches: Straining to read or see close-up objects can lead to eyestrain, discomfort, and even headaches.
  5. Need for Reading Glasses or Bifocals: To correct presbyopia, most individuals require reading glasses or multifocal eyeglasses. Bifocal or progressive lenses provide clear vision at both near and distance.
  6. Contact Lenses: Multifocal contact lenses are available for those who prefer not to wear eyeglasses. Monovision contact lens fitting, where one eye is corrected for near vision and the other for distance, is another option.
  7. Refractive Surgery: Some surgical options, such as monovision LASIK or refractive lens exchange, can be considered for correcting presbyopia. These procedures aim to provide one eye with good near vision and the other with good distance vision.
  8. Prescription Adjustments: As presbyopia progresses, individuals may need to adjust their eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions to maintain optimal vision.

Presbyopia is a common and predictable part of the aging process, affecting people regardless of their prior vision health. While it may be frustrating to adjust to the need for reading glasses or bifocals, it’s important to recognize that presbyopia is a natural part of growing older. Embracing the changes in your vision and seeking appropriate correction can help maintain a high quality of life and allow you to continue enjoying activities that require good near vision. Regular eye exams are essential to monitor the progression of presbyopia and ensure you have the most suitable corrective measures to meet your visual needs.


Can Presbyopia Be Corrected?

Yes, presbyopia can be effectively corrected, allowing individuals to regain clear vision for close-up tasks. Correction options for presbyopia include:

  1. Reading Glasses: One of the simplest and most common ways to correct presbyopia is with reading glasses. These glasses have a prescription designed to magnify close-up objects, making reading and other near tasks more comfortable. Reading glasses are available over-the-counter (OTC) or with a prescription from an eye care professional.
  2. Bifocal or Multifocal Eyeglasses: Bifocal and multifocal eyeglasses are designed for individuals who have both near and distance vision needs. They have two or more prescription strengths in a single pair of glasses, allowing for clear vision at various distances. Bifocals have a visible line separating the two prescriptions, while multifocals have a gradual transition between the prescriptions.
  3. Contact Lenses: Multifocal contact lenses are available for presbyopia correction. These contact lenses are designed to provide clear vision at different distances, much like multifocal eyeglasses. Some people prefer multifocal contact lenses for their convenience and appearance.
  4. Monovision Contact Lenses: Monovision contact lenses involve fitting one eye with a prescription for near vision and the other eye with a prescription for distance vision. The brain learns to favor one eye for close-up tasks and the other for distance vision. While it can take some time to adapt to monovision, many people find it a comfortable solution.
  5. Refractive Surgery: Certain refractive surgeries can correct presbyopia. These surgeries aim to change the shape or focus of the eye, allowing for better near vision. Options include:
    • Monovision LASIK: Similar to monovision contact lenses, LASIK can be performed to create one eye for near vision and the other for distance vision.
    • Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE): In RLE, the eye’s natural lens is replaced with a multifocal or accommodating intraocular lens to improve both near and distance vision. This is often performed on individuals with presbyopia who may also have cataracts.

The choice of correction method depends on individual preferences, lifestyle, and the eye care professional’s recommendations. During an eye exam, the eye care specialist can determine the most suitable correction option based on the individual’s vision needs, eye health, and lifestyle.

What Are Contact Lenses?

Contact lenses are thin, prescription lenses that are placed directly on the surface of the eye to correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia.

Are Contact Lenses Safe To Use?

Yes, contact lenses are safe to use when prescribed and fitted properly. It is important to follow the instructions of your eye care professional regarding lens insertion, removal, and maintenance to minimize the risk of complications.

Are There Any Risks or Complications Associated With Contact Lens Use?

While contact lenses are generally safe, improper use or negligence can lead to complications such as eye infections, corneal ulcers, dry eyes, or allergic reactions. It is important to seek prompt medical attention if you experience any discomfort, redness, or changes in vision.

What Is Laser Eye Surgery?

Laser eye surgery, such as LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) or PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy), is a refractive surgery procedure that uses a laser to reshape the cornea, correcting vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

How Does Laser Eye Surgery Work?

Laser eye surgery works by removing a thin layer of corneal tissue to change the cornea’s shape, allowing light to focus correctly on the retina, resulting in improved vision.

Is Laser Eye Surgery Safe?

Laser eye surgery has a proven safety record when performed by experienced surgeons and in appropriate candidates. Like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks and potential complications, but serious complications are rare.

Are The Results of Laser Eye Surgery Permanent?

Laser eye surgery aims to provide long-lasting vision correction. However, the eyes can still undergo age-related changes, such as presbyopia, which may require additional vision correction methods later in life.

What Is Neuro-Ophthalmology?

Neuro-Ophthalmology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of visual problems related to the nervous system, specifically those affecting the optic nerve, brain, and eye movement control areas.

What Treatment Options Are Available For Neuro-Ophthalmologic Conditions?

Treatment options for Neuro-Ophthalmologic conditions vary depending on the underlying cause. They may include medications to manage inflammation or neurological conditions, vision rehabilitation, prism glasses to correct double vision, surgical interventions to address eye movement disorders, and referral to other specialists for management of underlying systemic diseases.

What Should I Expect During A Neuro-Ophthalmology Appointment?

During a Neuro-Ophthalmology appointment, the specialist will conduct a thorough examination of your eyes and evaluate your medical history. They may perform additional tests, discuss your symptoms, and review any previous imaging or laboratory results. It is important to provide accurate information and ask any questions you may have.

What Are The Symptoms of Corneal Disease?

The symptoms of corneal disease can vary depending on the specific condition but may include blurred or distorted vision, eye pain or irritation, redness, light sensitivity, excessive tearing, foreign body sensation, and decreased visual acuity.

How Are Corneal Diseases Diagnosed?

Diagnosing corneal diseases involves a comprehensive eye examination, including a detailed medical history, visual acuity tests, corneal topography, slit-lamp examination, and sometimes additional tests such as corneal pachymetry, corneal confocal microscopy, or corneal biopsy.

What Are The Treatment Options For Corneal Diseases?

Treatment options for corneal diseases depend on the specific condition and its severity. They may include medications (eye drops, ointments), antibiotics or antiviral drugs for infections, corticosteroids for inflammation, lubricating eye drops for dryness, contact lenses, corneal transplantation (keratoplasty), or other surgical interventions.

How Do I Know If I Have Cataracts?

Common symptoms of cataracts include blurry or cloudy vision, increased sensitivity to light, difficulty seeing at night, and seeing halos around lights. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult an eye care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

When Is Cataract Surgery Necessary?

Cataract surgery is typically recommended when cataracts significantly affect your daily activities and quality of life. Your eye doctor will assess your individual case and determine if surgery is the right option for you.

How Long Is The Recovery Period After Cataract Surgery?

The initial recovery period after cataract surgery is relatively quick. Most patients experience improved vision within a few days. However, it may take a few weeks to fully adjust to your new vision and for any remaining blurriness or discomfort to subside.

What Causes Glaucoma?

The exact cause of glaucoma is not fully understood, but it is often related to a combination of increased intraocular pressure, impaired blood flow to the optic nerve, and other risk factors such as genetics, age, ethnicity, and certain medical conditions.

What Are The Symptoms Of Glaucoma?

In the early stages, glaucoma often has no noticeable symptoms or pain. It typically progresses slowly and can initially affect peripheral vision. As the condition advances, it may lead to tunnel vision, blurred vision, difficulty adjusting to low light, and, ultimately, central vision loss.

What Are The Treatment Options For Glaucoma?

Treatment for glaucoma aims to lower intraocular pressure to prevent or slow down further damage to the optic nerve. This may include eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy (e.g., trabeculoplasty, iridotomy), or surgical interventions (e.g., trabeculectomy, drainage implants) depending on the severity and progression of the disease.

How Often Should I Have An Eye Exam To Screen For Glaucoma?

It is generally recommended to have a comprehensive eye exam every 1-2 years, especially for individuals over the age of 40 or those with known risk factors for glaucoma. However, the frequency may vary based on individual circumstances, so it’s important to consult with an eye care professional.

Get A Free Quote!

Get a free quote


- You send us your inquiries and request.


- Tefac team reviews your request and contacts you.


- TEFAC experts offer online consultation with doctor and prepare treatment proposal for you.


- Soon after you approve the treatment plan, Tefac organizes your trip.


- Tefac accompanies and stays in touch during your entire treatment process.


- To ensure you get the best results, Tefac team assists you before, during and after the treatment procedures.

Request a quote

Get a free quote