loader image

Knee Replacement

Knee replacement, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a life-transforming surgical procedure designed to restore mobility, reduce pain, and improve the overall quality of life for individuals who have been plagued by debilitating knee conditions. At Tefac Clinics, we’re committed to delivering cutting-edge orthopedic care, including knee replacement, to help you regain your independence and enjoy life to the fullest.


What is The Key Elements of Knee Replacement?

  1. Relief from Chronic Pain: Knee replacement is typically recommended for individuals who suffer from chronic knee pain due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or traumatic injuries. This procedure can effectively alleviate pain, discomfort, and inflammation, allowing you to return to a more active and pain-free life.
  2. Restored Mobility: Pain and stiffness in the knee joint can severely limit your ability to move and carry out everyday activities. Knee replacement aims to restore your mobility, making it easier to walk, climb stairs, and engage in physical activities you may have once enjoyed.
  3. Precision and Customization: Knee replacement is not a one-size-fits-all solution. Our orthopedic specialists tailor each procedure to your unique needs, ensuring that the artificial knee joint fits your anatomy perfectly. This precision results in better outcomes and improved function.
  4. Improved Quality of Life: Beyond the physical benefits, knee replacement can significantly enhance your overall quality of life. It enables you to engage in a wide range of activities, spend time with loved ones, and experience greater independence and freedom.

The Surgical Procedure


  • Before the surgery, you will undergo a thorough evaluation, including a medical history review, physical examination, and possibly imaging tests (such as X-rays and MRI) to assess the condition of your knee joint.


  • The procedure is performed under anesthesia to ensure you are comfortable and pain-free during surgery. Your options may include general anesthesia (where you are unconscious) or regional anesthesia (such as spinal or epidural anesthesia).


  • The surgeon makes an incision on the front of your knee, exposing the knee joint.

Reshaping the Bones

  • The damaged bone and cartilage in the knee joint, typically the end of the femur (thigh bone) and the top of the tibia (shin bone), are carefully removed. The goal is to prepare the bones to receive the artificial components.

Implant Placement

  • The surgeon attaches the artificial components, which usually consist of metal and plastic, to the prepared bone surfaces. These components mimic the natural structure of the knee joint. The femoral component includes a metal femoral component that covers the end of the thigh bone and a metal or plastic patellar component that resurfaces the undersurface of the kneecap. The tibial component is made of metal and plastic, and it is attached to the top of the shin bone. Additionally, a plastic spacer may be placed between the metal components to enable smooth joint movement.

Realignment and Testing

  • After implant placement, the knee joint is carefully tested to ensure proper alignment and functioning. The surgeon checks for stability, range of motion, and balance.

Closing the Incision

  • Once the artificial components are securely in place and joint stability is confirmed, the surgeon closes the incision with sutures or staples.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

  • After surgery, you are closely monitored in a recovery area before being moved to a post-operative room. Rehabilitation and physical therapy are crucial components of the recovery process, helping you regain strength, flexibility, and function in the newly replaced knee joint.


Why it’s Done?

Knee replacement surgery is performed for a variety of medical reasons, primarily to alleviate pain and improve mobility in individuals who are experiencing significant knee joint problems. Here are the most common reasons why knee replacement is done:

  1. Osteoarthritis: Knee replacement is most frequently performed to treat osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that causes the protective cartilage in the knee joint to break down. As a result, patients experience pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. Knee replacement can effectively relieve these symptoms and improve joint function.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that can lead to inflammation and damage in the knee joint. Over time, this damage causes pain, joint deformities, and loss of function. Knee replacement can provide relief and restore joint stability.
  3. Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Severe injuries to the knee, such as fractures or ligament tears, can result in post-traumatic arthritis. This condition leads to pain and joint deterioration, which can be addressed through knee replacement surgery.
  4. Knee Deformities: Congenital knee deformities, such as bowlegs or knock-knees, can cause discomfort and mobility issues. Knee replacement can help correct these deformities and improve joint function.
  5. Avascular Necrosis: Avascular necrosis occurs when the blood supply to the knee bone is compromised, causing bone tissue to die. This leads to severe pain and joint damage, and knee replacement can alleviate these symptoms.
  6. Meniscus and Cartilage Damage: Severe damage to the knee’s meniscus and cartilage can cause persistent pain and stiffness. In some cases, knee replacement is the most effective solution to restore joint function.
  7. Ligament Tears: Tears of the knee’s major ligaments, particularly the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), can result in joint instability and pain. Knee replacement may be considered for patients with severe ligament injuries.
  8. Failed Previous Surgeries: In some cases, individuals who have undergone previous knee surgeries that were unsuccessful or have led to complications may require knee replacement to address the issues and restore joint function.

Knee replacement surgery is typically recommended when less invasive treatments, such as medications, physical therapy, or lifestyle modifications, have proven insufficient in providing relief. The decision to undergo knee replacement is made after a thorough evaluation by our specialized team, taking into account the patient’s overall health, age, lifestyle, and specific knee condition. The primary goals of knee replacement are to relieve pain, improve mobility, and enhance the patient’s quality of life.

Can I Resume Normal Activities After Hip Replacement Surgery?

Yes, hip replacement surgery can allow individuals to resume normal activities and regain a good range of motion and functionality. However, it’s important to follow the advice of the orthopedic surgeon and physical therapist regarding post-operative care, exercises, and activity restrictions. Certain high-impact activities or sports may need to be modified or avoided to protect the new hip joint.

How Long Does It Take To Fully Recover From Hip Replacement Surgery?

The complete recovery period from hip replacement surgery can vary from person to person. While many individuals experience significant improvement within a few months, it can take up to a year for the hip joint to fully heal and for the individual to regain maximum strength and functionality. Consistent adherence to rehabilitation exercises and following the surgeon’s guidelines are crucial for optimal recovery.

Can Both Hips Be Replaced At The Same Time?

In some cases, both hips may require replacement surgery. However, it is more common for each hip to be replaced in separate procedures, allowing for a smoother recovery and rehabilitation process. The decision to replace both hips simultaneously depends on the individual’s overall health, age, and the orthopedic surgeon’s assessment.

How Long Does It Take To Fully Recover From Knee Replacement Surgery?

The complete recovery period from knee replacement surgery varies from person to person. While many individuals experience significant improvement within a few months, it can take up to a year for the knee joint to fully heal and for the individual to regain maximum strength and functionality. Consistent adherence to rehabilitation exercises and following the surgeon’s guidelines are crucial for optimal recovery.

Will I Experience Pain After The Surgery?

It’s normal to experience some discomfort or pain after knee replacement surgery. The orthopedic surgeon will prescribe pain medications and techniques to help manage post-operative pain. As the healing process progresses and rehabilitation exercises are performed, the pain should gradually diminish.

What Are The Common Reasons For Shoulder Joint Arthroscopy Surgery?

Shoulder joint arthroscopy surgery is commonly performed for several conditions, including rotator cuff tears, labral tears (such as SLAP tears), shoulder impingement syndrome, shoulder instability (dislocations), arthritis, and inflamed or damaged bursa. It is also used for diagnostic purposes to assess the shoulder joint when the cause of pain or dysfunction is unclear.

How Long Does It Take To Return To Normal Activities After Shoulder Joint Arthroscopy Surgery?

The timeline for returning to normal activities varies depending on the extent of the procedure and individual healing. In general, patients can expect to resume light activities within a few weeks and gradually progress to more strenuous activities over several months. The surgeon will provide specific guidelines and a customized rehabilitation plan based on the patient’s condition and progress.

Will I Need Physical Therapy After Shoulder Joint Arthroscopy Surgery?

Yes, physical therapy is typically an essential part of the recovery process following shoulder joint arthroscopy surgery. Physical therapy helps restore shoulder strength, range of motion, and stability. The therapist will work with you to develop an individualized rehabilitation program tailored to your specific needs and goals.

Will I Have Scars After Shoulder Joint Arthroscopy Surgery?

Shoulder joint arthroscopy surgery involves small incisions, usually less than an inch in length. These incisions are strategically placed to minimize visible scarring. Over time, the scars typically fade and become less noticeable.

How Successful Is Shoulder Joint Arthroscopy Surgery?

Shoulder joint arthroscopy surgery has a high success rate in addressing various shoulder conditions. The success of the procedure depends on factors such as the specific condition being treated, the patient’s overall health, and adherence to post-operative rehabilitation protocols. The surgeon will discuss the expected outcomes and potential risks based on your individual circumstances.

Get A Free Quote!

Get a free quote


- You send us your inquiries and request.


- Tefac team reviews your request and contacts you.


- TEFAC experts offer online consultation with doctor and prepare treatment proposal for you.


- Soon after you approve the treatment plan, Tefac organizes your trip.


- Tefac accompanies and stays in touch during your entire treatment process.


- To ensure you get the best results, Tefac team assists you before, during and after the treatment procedures.

Request a quote

Get a free quote